Covid-19/CoronaVirus: What Do You Actually Need To Know? (Cheatsheet)

The Covid-19 virus is growing exponentially and there's an influx of information with things that may or may not be true. In this article we include everything you NEED to know in a way that is easy to understand and backed by scientific research and trusted sources.

Share This Post

Share on facebook
Share on linkedin
Share on twitter
Share on email

We’re facing something that none of us have ever experienced before. It’s a scary time because for many of us we don’t know what is happening, and we don’t have all the facts. Today I want you leave here with a basic understanding of everything you ACTUALLY need to know about the virus, from how it started to where we are now, to what you can do to protect yourself and your loved ones.

If you’re interested in reading everything the Centre for Disease control and prevention has about the virus, click here.

For the summary of the disease and what you need to know, continue reading.

So How Did It ACTUALLY Start? (And Whats With The Name?)

No, this virus isn’t some man made virus made to wipe out part of our population, so you can stop thinking the world is out to get you. First of all the Coronavirus isn’t a single virus, when we say Coronavirus it’s actually a family of viruses with different effects depending on the strain. Most of which affect the respiratory system. Why Call It Covid 19? Well the World Health Organization called it Covid 19 (Shortened version of Coronavirus Disease 2019), however the actually scientific name of the disease is SARS-coV-2 (a virus similar to the outbreak of SARS in 2003). Also: For any of you wanting to know what SARS stands for, SARS is the abbreviation for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome


  1. Warm climates will protect you from the virus:

    Unknown: Although warmer climates have currently shown decreased infection rates, it is currently unknown how warmer climates affect the spread of the virus.

  2. Simply going outside will increase your chances of getting the virus:

    False: The virus is spread from person to person. If you’re simply going out for a jog to get some fresh air you should be good. Try to go to places with good airflow and avoid places with an increased density of people. Also, avoid going places where you’re forced to be in close contact with others.

  3. Everything is Closing:

    False: See below for a list of everything that has closed vs what remains open according to the Ontario Government as of March 19th, 2020.

How Does It Spread?

The virus started in Wuhan which many of us already know, however Covid-19 is a virus that was spread from animal to human and is now being spread via human to human exposure. The primary source for spread of the virus is via droplets in the air from a infected person sneezing or coughing (within about 6 feet). That being said, it can also be spread by someone touching a contaminated surface or object that has been exposed to the virus followed by touching of their mouth, nose, or eyes. Unfortunately the virus can still be spread even if people do not show symptoms, however people are considered to be most likely to spread the virus when they are most symptomatic.

How Can We Limit The Spread Of The Virus?

There are many things that you yourself can do in order to help limit the spread of the virus. Every little thing can help to prevent spread, and it all involves being diligent in order to prevent further spread if you have been exposed. Below are a list of things that you yourself can do.

  • Sanitation – This involves wiping down things regularly since the virus can be spread via contact to an infected surface. Using lysol wipes is one way to help disinfect potentially contaminated surfaces. With cleaning supplies being sparse during these times, you could also look into making your own disinfectant wipes

  • Cleaning Your Hands – This is self explanatory but by cleaning your hands regularly you can limit spread of the virus if you have been infected, however you also prevent yourself from being infected if you’ve touched a contaminated surface.

  • Self Isolation – See below for the proper methods of self isolation.

How To Properly Self Isolate

In order to Self Isolate properly, I strongly encourage reading the proper methods written by the Ontario Government. They outline everything from how to do it properly, to how to care for someone who has the virus. They talk about limits on people in your home, how to travel if you need to, and how to social distance.

According to, all persons over the age of 70 or are immunocompromised are suggested to go into self isolation given they are likely to experience more severe symptoms if exposed (potentially even fatal).

Ontario Government recommends:

  • Staying Home (Do not use any public or semi private travel services) – This involves not going to work, or school.

  • Limit visitors in your home – Only have visitors if absolutely necessary, keep the social visits to an absolute minimum. (Also do your part to stay away from the elderly as much as you possibly can).

  • Stay in separate rooms of the house when you can and ensure these rooms have proper airflow such as a window. They also recommend using separate bathrooms.

  • Keep distance from others (2m is the suggested distance and wear a mask)

  • Cover your coughs and sneezes

  • Dispose of anything potentially contaminated such as olds masks, gloves, etc.

  • Avoid sharing household items such as cups, mugs, plates etc.

For full article details follow this link.

Risk Assessment According To The Center For Disease Control And Prevention (CDC)

As of right now the two populations that have been classified at higher risk for the effects of the disease are:

  • Older Adults (with increasing age increasing risk)

  • People with serious chronic medical conditions (Lung and Heart Disease, Diabetes)

As you can see, as of right now the CDC doesn’t classify children as increased risk, that being said, if your child is sick follow similar protocol as when dealing with the symptoms in a normal adult. - Emergency Warning Signs as of March 19th, 2020 – Emergency Warning Signs as of March 19th, 2020

What’s Closed?

Due to Ontario calling a state of emergency, all of the following are closed until March 31st. This is according to the Website.


This is a difficult time for many of us, we are all facing something different and unknown which can cause higher amounts of stress and uncertainty. New information is constantly coming out which will likely prove some things in this article as irrelevant so use this as a guide rather than a definitive source. We all need to be doing our part in order to help those around us, so continue staying up to date with information and doing the things you can to help limit exposure and spread of this virus. Written by Owner of Your Future Fitness | Andrew Blakey

Keep Reading